The 5 Most Common Headaches and How You Can Treat Them

HEADACHES

Here, we discuss some vital information on the most common types of headaches and their treatment. To beat your next headache, you must understand these types of headaches and what triggers them.

Tension Headaches

It’s the most common type of headache, you will feel like a constant ache or pressure on your head, especially at temples or back of neck and head. This type of headache is not severe as migraines, they just make you stop doing your regular activities. It’s normally induced by your lifestyle. You get this type of tension when you are anxious and emotionally stressed. However, there are even other factors, like having to strain your eyes or being overstimulated by the people around. It can also be caused by taking more coffee, or by simply being hungry.

Treating and Preventing Tension-Type Headaches

Reduce your caffeine intake, especially black tea and coffee

don’t sleep on your side, and try not to sleep on many pillows

Painkillers like ibuprofen or paracetamol are recommended

Do exercise

Take a warm bath

Get enough sleep

Cluster Headaches

This type of headache is mostly seen in men than women, these headaches occur in groups or cycles. These are severe and one-sided headaches and are erratic in nature. The pain will normally center around one eye and spread to other parts of your head, and can feel the pain like a burning sensation. This type of headache will leads to frustration and will disturb your sleep. The other signs include swelling eyelids, watery red eyes, runny nose, constricted pupils and sweaty face.

Treating Cluster Headaches

Take medications like Verapamil or Lithium to reduce the frequency and duration of attacks

Inhaling 100% of oxygen can also treat this type of headaches

Sumatriptan injection

Zolmitriptan nasal spray

Trigeminal Neuralgia

This type of headache is most commonly seen in people over the age of 50 years and can cause severe pain in different parts of your head. It comes from pressure being placed on trigeminal nerve, having three branches that runs through the face. The pain is sharp, severe and shooting pains, and affects one-side of the face. The pain last a few seconds but occurs repeatedly, and afterwards can leave a tenderness in your face.

Treating Trigeminal Neuralgia

Brain stimulation

Carbamazepine

Decompression surgery

Ablative surgical treatment

Migraine Headaches

This type of headache come from a neurological disorder in family members and are defined by specific criteria. Not all the headaches are migraines, but all the migraines are headaches. It is severe and painful that can cause vomiting and nausea. It’s most commonly seen in women than men, and usually seen in early life. It lasts between 4 and 72 hours, and you will be sensitive to sound and light. It’s a one-side headache which moves in a throbbing motion. Migraine is of two types – classic migraine and common migraine. Classic migraine has an ‘aura’, it’s a warning sign before a migraine attack. This results in a temporary loss of sight or flash lights. Except aura, the symptoms are same for both these migraines. The most common symptoms include tender scalp, hunger, feeling hot or cold, blurred vision, and more.

Treating and preventing migraines

Take anti-sickness medicine

Take medications like aspirin, paracetamol or ibuprofen

Sleep more

Avoid foods like chocolate and red wine

Consult a doctor and take medications on his advice

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