According to the WHO (World Health Organization) – Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Health however is differently understood and perceived in various cultures, different time periods and within a society. Likewise, the following factors play an important role what affects health as such:
1. Physical wellbeing
Physical wellbeing is affected by the diet, a healthy natural environment, enough sleep, regeneration of the body, relaxation, exercise or insufficient exercise and hygiene.
2. Psychological wellbeing
Psychological wellbeing is acted by self-confidence, an intact family, self-esteem, as well as feelings of happiness.
3. Social wellbeing
Recognition at work, securing political and economic conditions, intact relationships among friends and working group are the important factors.
Freedom of thought, freedom of speech, free professional and the choice of making friends or choosing a partner are part of self-determination.
The relationship with a partner, friends, and the ability of social interaction(s).
Health – The importance of sports & social activities
Health is an important personal and social value. Its true meaning is often only recognized when illness or age causes suffering for the human body & mind. Health is basically a state of optimal performance. It is in fact more than just the absence of disease; it is not only our “greatest gift”, but one of the most important prerequisites for human life. Health has a high individual value and the goal is to maintain this condition. Because health is an essential prerequisite for taking part in the life of a society, health-aids are indeed important. For example, preventions, cure and rehabilitation, support chronically ill and disabled people. To maintain health, the individual, together with members of all health professions and a balanced life style, as well as a good environment for social wellbeing, can keep a certain standard of health or even improve it.
What to do against sedentary and inactivity?
Naturally, sports! But is this so healthy? It is important that sport should be fun, a social activity in fact. So, do not engage in sports against your will, because it would cause more distress than doing you good. Balanced and individually created plans for sports activities have the following benefits: An Increase in oxygen uptake, high blood pressure is lowered, the risk for a potential stroke and heart diseases drop. Regarding the social wellbeing, sport activities can also strengthen the attitude and self-confidence of an individual or a group. Participation in activities or groups such as “Sport against violence” or “Sport against drugs“!, they do assist in achieving just that. Environmental factors also play a role for lack of exercise. These include lack of time, as a result of professional overload and a kind of an overkill of extreme entertainment. In order to keep fit and healthy physical activities in a good social environment do help a lot.
Psychological factors affecting health
Doctor Aaron Antonovsky noted that people suffering conditions of stress tend to become sick or ill because of them. Antonovsky worked out three factors:
1. The sense of comprehensibility of their own lives.
2. The sense of manageability of your own life.
3. The sense of meaningfulness of one’s life.
These three factors altogether can result in an overall context of individual sensations, the coherence feeling, which affects social wellbeing! Various studies concluded that the psychological health is more important than the physical health. With the model of salutogenesis Antonovsky criticized the exclusively infectious approach of illness. The model not only takes pathogenic risk factors into account, but also health-supporting factors.